This is a com only recurring degradation problem. The aim of this investigation is to make a survey, characterization and evaluation of adhesives and filling materials used in Portuguese museums, from the s up to the present.
Four institutions were chosen and all the treatment records have been surveyed in order to establish a chronology of the materials and techniques applied over time. The polyester resins were used pure or mixed with inorganic fillers or modelling putties. In some cases, these mixtures were used just in the making of an internal structure which was then covered with a finishing layer of a modelling putty. The calcium sulphate mostly used was dental plaster. The modelling putties are generally referenced in the treatment reports without brand specification.
However FTIR-ATR spectra showed that the different brands of analyzed putties have completely distinct compositions, which may be calcium carbonate or complex mixtures of calcium sulphate and silica as fillers, and a binder, for example Fig.. Reconstruction made with polyester resin and modelling putty on top. Data deriving from this study will be assembled in a database and made available to the conservation community.
Theoretical program components are assessed separately, usually by means of an oral or a written program. Our program demands a lot from students, as the prospective conservator-restorer must inevitably work with unique and irreplaceable objects belonging to monuments, archaeological sites, museum and private collections, archives and libraries, etc. In order to attain the required standard of work, Conservation Studies in Antwerp aims at combining a broad cultural baggage and aesthetic sensitivity with manual skills and scientifically sound research methodology within a strict ethical framework.
In addition our students have to make study tours and visits to museums and monuments, as well as to other study programs, research centres and exhibitions and specialised fairs. Such visits help them to broaden their perspectives and pave the way for a future apprenticeship or professional career.
- The Art of Persian Music;
- Investigating Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes (Introduction to Earth Science).
- Conservation and Restoration of Glass, Second Edition.
- Conservation and Restoration of Glass: 2nd Edition (e-Book) - Routledge;
- Danger Mouses The Grey Album.
- Property futures and securitisation - the way ahead.
The conservation-restoration sector is very dynamic in Europe, witness the many conferences, colloquiums and workshops that are organised in Flanders and abroad. As our program intends to offer students up-to-the-minute information, we stimulate strongly our students to participate in such events.
Glass: Conservation and Preservation
Conservation Studies in Antwerp is also involved in exchange and apprenticeship programs with other European schools through the Erasmus-framework. Of course, we strongly hope that we will be able to enlarge our students and staff exchanges in a more global way, thanks to the present contacts with Conservation Studies at the Shanghai Institute of Visual Arts.
Our program produces skilled individuals with very specific competences. Graduates are appreciated in the professional field, not only for their technical and scientific knowledge and expertise, but also for their ability to develop appropriate conservation concepts. There is currently great demand for highly-skilled conservators in Flanders, the rest of Europe, and without any doubts, also in other parts of the world. For all these reasons we have to continue our efforts to improve the quality of conservation education everywhere.
From our side we are willing to do whatever possible in order to contribute to the request from your institute. We believe that conservation of cultural heritage will not only strengthen the local or regional identities but inevitable also mutual and global understanding and respect.
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Other references: 1 E. Professional Guidelines II. Code of Ethics. Brussels, 11 June Professional Guidelines III. September European summit. Pavia, October Dresden, The Conservator-Restorer. A Definition of the Profession. Copenhagen, September Colombo, 30 July — 7 August Leading up a stained-glass panel. Chemical tests. New techniques for the repair and restoration of ancient glass, in A.
Smith ed. Tradition and innovation: advances in conservation : Conservation and care of glass objects.
London: Archetype. Mardikian, P. Roemich ed.
Pearson, C. Conservation of marine archaeological objects. Singley, K. The conservation of archaeological artifacts from freshwater environments. Further Reading Cronyn, J.
The elements of archaeological conservation. London: Routledge. Pye, E. Caring for the past: issues in conservation for archaeology and museums. London: James and James.